Both Massachusetts law and federal law prohibit employers from discrimination against employees on the basis of race, religion, national origin, sex, sexual orientation, and disability.
The following are the main federal laws prohibiting discrimination in employment:
- The Age Discrimination in Employment Act prohibits discriminating against employees over 40 years old.
- The Americans with Disabilities Act prohibits discriminating against qualified individuals with a disability.
- The Equal Pay Act requires that men and women in the workplace receive equal pay for equal work.
- The Immigration Reform and Control Act prohibits discriminating against employees due to their national origin.
- The Pregnancy Discrimination Act prohibits discrimination based on pregnancy when it comes to any aspect of employment, including hiring, firing, pay, job assignments, promotions, layoff, training, fringe benefits, such as leave and health insurance.
- Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 prohibits discrimination based on race or racial characteristics.
- The Civil Rights Act of 1964 also prohibits discrimination based on religion.
- The Civil Rights Act of 1964 further prohibits discrimination based on sex.
The Equal Employment Opportunity Commission has a comprehensive list of federal anti-discrimination laws. The same are prohibited under Massachusetts law.
- The main Massachusetts law referenced is called Chapter 151B, shorthand for the chapter of the chapter of the Massachusetts General Laws where it appears. It prohibits discriminatory action based on disability, gender, race, color, religion, or national origin.
- The Wage Act prohibits discriminatory wages based on sex, under General Laws chapter 149, section 105A.
Because of the intersection of the various state and federal laws — some of which only apply if an employer has a certain number of employees — it is vital to contact an attorney if you believe you were discriminated against in your employment. Furthermore, each law has a different statute of limitations, so if you wait too long, you may lose your rights.
Culik Law has experience representing employees in employment discrimination cases and we can provide you with a no-cost case evaluation.